黄齐耀诞辰108周年

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黄齐耀诞辰108周年

tyrus-wongs-108th-birthday

黄齐耀(英语:Tyrus Wong,1910年10月25日-2016年12月30日),美籍华裔动画师,曾参与《小鹿斑比》制作。
早年经历

1910年10月25日,黄齐耀生于广东省。1920年,九岁的他随父亲移居美国,从此与母亲和姐姐失去联络。受到当时美国排华法案的影响,黄齐耀最初被留置在天使岛,在那里,他等待盘查身份时,与父亲分开。由于大多数中国移民被排华法案禁止入境,黄和父亲必须借用华裔美籍商人的“纸生仔”假冒身份非法移民。从天使岛获释后,他和父亲先在萨克拉门托落脚,随后与家人迁居洛杉矶。

在帕萨迪纳本杰明·富兰克林初中(Benjamin Franklin Junior High School)就读时,老师便注意到黄的艺术天赋,他也获得奥蒂斯艺术设计学院的夏季奖学金。于是,他决定从初中辍学,去拿奥蒂斯艺术设计学院的全日制奖学金。父亲靠刚刚够的薪水谋生,黄在奥蒂斯当管理员,每天他要步行数英里去上课。20世纪30年代,他从奥蒂斯毕业,到好莱坞求职。
职业生涯
洛杉矶唐人街的龙壁画由黄齐耀绘画,1984年被恢复。

黄齐耀的职业生涯始于当霍尔马克卡片设计师,之后转行华纳兄弟影业公司担任电影制作插画师(1942-1968),期间参与多部电影的场景设计和故事版制作,之后于1938年到1941年在迪士尼成了一位富有灵感的插画艺术家。

浓郁的水彩画成了1942年动画《小鹿斑比》的灵感,他在该项目中担任领衔画家。他为《小鹿斑比》创作的背景画,灵感源于宋朝古典绘画。之后几十年,他对电影的贡献很大程度上还不为人所知。

《小鹿斑比》结束后不久,黄齐耀因参与动画师罢工而被迪士尼解雇。离开迪士尼后,黄齐耀回到华纳兄弟,担任插画师长达26年之久。
华特迪士尼家庭博物馆展出风筝等黄齐耀作品。

后来,他为霍尔马克设计的贺卡流行起来。1968年退休后,黄利用他的技能制作各式彩色风筝(通常是熊猫、金鱼或蜈蚣等动物图案)。每逢周六,他会在圣莫妮卡码头北边的海滩放飞他设计的作品。

黄齐耀的知名绘画作品有20世纪20年代末的《自画像》(Self Portait)、1939年《火》(Fire)、1940年《斜躺的裸体》(Reclining Nude)、1984年的《东部》(East)和《西部》(West)。他向记者表示自己是个“幸运的艺术家”。黄齐耀亮相马克·韦斯勒(Mark Wexler)2009年纪录片《如何永远活着》,他在片中探讨自己的日常生活及对死亡的看法。他还参演帕梅拉·汤姆(Pamela Tom)2015年纪录片《Tyrus》。

2001年,黄齐耀获华美博物馆颁发的历史缔造者奖(Historymakers Award),表彰他对迪士尼的贡献。
纪念
Google在2018年10月25日的Google首页涂鸦纪念他

Along the beach in Santa Monica, California, on the fourth Saturday of every month, an elderly gentleman could be found flying kites with his wife and three daughters. The panda bears, butterflies, and centipedes floating in the breeze were of his own design.

Today’s Doodle honors the life and legacy of Tyrus Wong (born Wong Gen Yeo) the Chinese-American artist responsible for some of the best-known images in American popular culture. Drawing inspiration from Chinese artists of the Song Dynasty, Wong applied his unique vision to paintings, prints, and even the Walt Disney film Bambi.

Born on this day in 1910 in a village in southern China’s Guangdong Province, ten-year-old Wong and his father traveled to America seeking a better life. After living a short time in Sacramento, they eventually settled in Los Angeles.

Although Wong’s father recognized his love of art from an early age, he could only afford for Wong to practice calligraphy using water and newspapers as well as study Chinese art at the Los Angeles Central Library. There, he was introduced to his favorite paintings, the spare landscape paintings of the Song Dynasty (960–1279 AD). In junior high school, Wong earned a scholarship to the Otis Art institute, supporting himself as a waiter in Chinatown. He and fellow artists like Benji Okubo and Hideo Date formed the Oriental Artists’ Group of Los Angeles, organizing shows of their work. In 1932, Wong’s work was exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago along with works by Picasso, Matisse, and Paul Klee.

In 1938, Wong was hired by Walt Disney Studios as an “inbetweener” intern (illustrators who create the sketches between key animator sketches, forming the movement of a character or object), drawing thousands of illustrations that were photographed to make animated films. His most notable work was on the Disney film Bambi, where he served as a lead illustrator, profoundly influencing the art of the  beloved classic. Unfortunately, when Bambi hit theaters in 1942, Wong was only credited as one of many “background artists,” leading his major contributions to go unrecognized for years.

Wong went on to work for Warner Brothers, drawing and painting storyboards that shaped the look of other landmark Hollywood films like The Wild Bunch, Sands of Iwo Jima, and Rebel Without A Cause—all of which earned Academy Award nominations.

The artist’s contributions to Hollywood went largely unrecognized until 2001, when he was named a “Disney Legend.” Twelve years later, the Walt Disney Family Museum also staged a career retrospective “Water to Paper, Paint to Sky.”

A message from the creator of today’s Doodle, Sophie Diao:

Tyrus Wong’s work has inspired me since I first learned about him as a first-year animation student at CalArts. I specifically love how he infused Western illustration with Eastern painting sensibilities; it motivates me to think about ways to channel my own Chinese heritage in the stories and artwork I make.

Today’s Doodle was heavily inspired by Tyrus’ paintings of forests, which are atmospheric, blurry, and magical. They feel like distant memories that have been committed to paper. I tried to imbue the Doodle with this dreamy feeling too.

The more research I did on his life, the more impressed I was by the playful and curious way he lived. I feel like I really got to know him from all the videos and interviews in which he lit up when talking about his creative process. Now that the project is over, I’ll miss being immersed in his world, but I hope to carry forward the inspiration I found.

Happy Birthday, Tyrus Wong!   


Special thanks to the family of Tyrus Wong, particularly his daughters Kim, Tai-Ling, and Kay for their partnership on this project.  Below, they share their thoughts on their father’s  legacy and the Doodle:

Our Dad was always creating art. Growing up, we benefited from his rich imagination and creativity— from his design of our family’s home and garden to the handmade holiday gifts he created for us even when he was in his 90s. One year he recycled a medicine bottle and made it into a whimsical pig; another year a Pringles container was transformed into a dachshund complete with pipe cleaner glasses and a peanut shell for a nose. Each gift contained foil-wrapped Kisses and a red envelope with Christmas money.

Dad and Mom always enjoyed spending time with family and friends. Our home was often filled with lots of laughter and kind-hearted camaraderie. We saw this as his way of sharing his sense of humor and love of life with others, all throughout his 106 years.

Pictured: Tyrus Wong
Photo credit: Courtesy of SJ Boyers

Through his work ethic, appreciation of nature’s beauty, and joy in creating art, Dad was a role model for us. We miss him very much and to this day, whenever we see something humorous, clever, or beautiful, we think of him and wish we could share it with him.

Thank you to the Google Doodle team for this celebration of our late father, Tyrus. He would have been honored and greatly appreciative to receive this tribute.

Pictured: Tyrus Wong
Photo credit: Courtesy of Irene Poon


Early drafts of the Doodle below:

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