保罗·克利诞辰139周年

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保罗·克利诞辰139周年

paul-klees-139th-birthday

保罗·克利(Paul Klee,1879年12月18日-1940年6月29日),是一位瑞士裔的德国籍的画家。他曾在慕尼黑美术学校学习画画,并制作了许多以黑白为主的版画和线画。1914年与好友赴突尼斯旅行期间获得灵感,从此成为了一位绘画彩色画的画家,创作出极为优异的作品,知名的作品包括Fish Magic(鱼的魔术)、 Zitronen和 Viaducts Break Ranks等画作,画风被封为超现实主义、立体主义和表现主义。他也曾执教于魏玛,德绍和杜塞尔多夫等地。他对色彩的变化有独特的鉴赏力,成熟时期的作品更大量采用多种多样的混合媒材,例如沙子或木屑等,创作出具有特别张力画作。他和他的朋友,俄国画家康定斯基,都是当时包豪斯的名师。
生平
《Flower myth》,1918

克利出生于瑞士伯恩附近的Münchenbuchsee,那是一个音乐世家,他的爸爸Hans Klee在伯恩附近的Hofwil Teacher Seminar当音乐教师。克利很早就开始他的音乐与艺术之路;他七岁的时候开始拉小提琴 violin,在八岁的时候他的奶奶给他一盒粉笔,并时常鼓励他画画,克利两者都可以做的跟成人一样好。他小时候想成为一个音乐家,但是在他年轻的时候决定了视觉艺术这条路。克利与Heinrich Knirr和弗朗茨·冯·施图克一起在慕尼黑美术学校修习艺术。在一趟意大利之旅结束之后返回伯恩,并定居在慕尼黑,在那里他认识了康定斯基、弗兰茨·马尔克与其他前卫艺术家,且与Der Blaue Reiter合作。他也在那里认识了他的妻子,巴伐利亚籍的钢琴家Lily Stumpf,育有一子。

Influenced by movements such as cubism, surrealism, and expressionism, Paul Klee explored numerous styles to develop his own approach to art-making—both rigorous and childlike—which defies categorization.Today’s Doodle pays homage to his Rote Brücke (Red Bridge), a 1928 work that transforms the rooftops and arches of a European city into a pattern of shapes rendered in contrasting yet harmonious hues. As Klee wrote in his diary, in 1914: “Color and I are one… I am a painter.”

Born in Münchenbuchsee, Switzerland on this day in 1879, Klee was the son of a German music teacher and a Swiss singer. An accomplished violinist, Klee played in a symphony orchestra before dedicating himself  to becoming a painter. He brought a musical sense of rhythm to the visual arts.

Sketching landscapes and caricatures even in his early teens, Klee began keeping meticulous records of all his creations in 1911, whether panel paintings, works on paper, graphics, or sculptures. He studied dots, lines, planes, and forms observed from nature—whether from the fish tank he kept at home or the veins seen on leaves or the human body—applying his observations to a vast body of work.

Along with his neighbor, the famous Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky, Klee was affiliated with an influential circle of artists known as Der Blaue Reiter, which lasted from 1911 to 1914. He went on to teach at the Bauhaus in Weimar, Germany during the 1920s, and the Pedagogical Sketchbook he wrote for the benefit of his students is still used today.

Klee never stopped pushing his creativity forward, producing a large number of works every year. In the year 1939, near the end of his career, he completed a record 1,239 works. “Some will not recognize the truthfulness of my mirror,” Klee wrote in his diary. “Let them remember that I am not here to reflect the surface… but must penetrate inside. My mirror probes down to the heart.”

Happy Birthday, Paul Klee!

Pictured: Paul Klee, 1922
Photo Credit: Schenkung Familie Klee
Copyright:  ProLitteris, Zürich

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