Situated by the Mediterranean, Lebanon contains a multitude of cultures and topographies, from the snow-capped peaks of Mount Lebanon to the sunny beaches of Tripoli. Archaeological evidence of civilization here dates back to 4000 B.C., passing through the Phoenician, Roman, and Ottoman empires.
Today’s Doodle depicts the Lebanese flag in celebration of the nation’s 75th Independence Day, when the Republic of Lebanon asserted its sovereignty after more than 20 years of French rule. The red on the flag represents the country’s sacrifices while achieving independence, the white refers to peace, purity and the peaks of Lebanon’s mountains, while the tree in the middle, symbolizing eternity and prosperity, is a cedar, which has been associated with this nation since Biblical times. Ever since 1979, November 21 has been designated Lebanese Flag Day, encouraging young people to learn more about the message of unity contained within the flag’s design.
The place where this flag was first raised, on November 11, 1943, formerly the private residence of Hussein El Halabi, is now considered a historic site. Two years later Lebanon was recognized as a member of the Arab League as well as a founding member of the United Nations. Today’s celebrations of the nation’s independence will center around the capital city of Beirut with a grand parade, laying of memorial wreaths, and a presidential address.
Happy Independence Day, Lebanon!